COVID-19 (2019 Novel Coronavirus)

Protect yourself and others

Identifying risk settings is an important step to consider. Remember the 3Cs for risk settings to avoid and consider:

  • Closed spaces
  • Crowded places
  • Close contact settings

Activities under these settings can also be considered on a gradient from low risk to medium and high risk. Determining your risk tolerance is specific to you as an individual. Also consider the increased risk when the risk settings overlap.

Continue to use these everyday steps to reduce exposure to the COVID-19 virus and prevent the spread of germs:

  • Stay home if you are sick.
  • Use good hand hygiene – wash your hands often with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Practise physical distancing – always keep a distance of at least two metres (6 feet) from others outside your social circle. Follow restrictions for social gatherings and social circles.
  • Wear a face mask (or covering) if required or when physical distancing is not possible.

COVID-19: Going Out Safely – infographic (3Cs settings, risk categories for activities)

Close Contacts

COVID-19 is primarily spread through prolonged exposure with an infected individual. A close contact to an infected individual is someone who has exposure for a duration of time of at least 15 minutes or more and is in close proximity to that person.

Lambton Public Health identifies close contacts through contact tracing – a review process that considers an individual’s symptoms, whereabouts, interactions and exposure.

Please note: Due to the rapid rise in cases in Lambton County, Lambton Public Health initiated a few temporary process changes. We will be reprioritizing case identification, isolation and the identification of exposures in vulnerable or critical settings.

In addition, individuals with COVID-19 may be required to send a notification to all identified close contacts. Lambton Public Health works with the individual to identify contacts and provides the message used to inform the close contacts on what they need to do next.

What to do if you have been identified as a close contact

  • Stay home and self-isolate for 14 days
  • Monitor yourself for symptoms of COVID-19.
  • If you develop symptoms book a COVID-19 test at a Public Assessment Centre. Leaving your house to get tested is acceptable, please follow all safety measures.
  • Remain in self-isolation for the 14 days even if your test result is negative.


Close ContactNot a Close Contact
Being within 2m (6ft) of an infected individual for longer than 15 minutes. Example: Having face to face conversations over dinner.You had brief, close contact with someone for less than 15 minutes while wearing a mask and/or other barrier in place. Example: check out at the super market
Having multiple close contacts with an individual over a 24-hour periodPassing someone quickly. Example: Passing in the hall at work
Having close, physical contact with someone. Example: hugsGreeting someone while maintaining physical distance.
Living with or caring for an individual with COVID-19.Making deliveries to individuals who are self-isolating but did not have contact with them. Example: dropping off food or medications on the doorstep.

Face Coverings and Masks

Effective October 3, 2020 – Face coverings required in all public indoor settings across the province, such as businesses, facilities, workplaces and workplace vehicles, with limited exemptions. Local municipal face covering by-laws also remain in effect.

Based on the recent Provincial COVID-19 Response Framework: Keeping Ontario Safe and Open released on November 3, 2020 and updated November 9, 2020, currently Lambton County is in the Green- Prevent level.

Note: On November 7, 2020, section 2 of Schedule 1 to the Regulation is amended by adding the following subsection: (See: O. Reg. 642/20, s. 4)

(7) A person shall wear appropriate personal protective equipment that provides protection of the person’s eyes, nose and mouth if, in the course of providing services, the person,

(a) is required to come within 2 metres of another person who is not wearing a mask or face covering in a manner that covers that person’s mouth, nose and chin during any period when that person is in an indoor area; and
(b) is not separated by plexiglass or some other impermeable barrier from a person described in clause (a).

This update will apply to employees providing any type of service to anyone who is not wearing a mask.

You may also consider using a face covering or non-medical mask in other situations to reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19 in areas where physical distancing may be challenging or not possible.

Face coverings will not protect you from getting COVID-19, but it may help protect others. It’s important to also continue to physical distance, stay home if you are sick, and use good hand hygiene. 

Summary of provincial exemptions:


  • Work areas not accessible to the public where 2m physical distancing can be maintained. 
  • Common areas of residences (such as university dorms, retirement homes, and long-term care homes) where 2m physical distancing can be maintained.
  • Residences for people with disabilities.


  • Children under 2 years old.
  • Health accommodations.
  • Temporarily removing a face covering to receive services or for health and safety.

For more details visit: or Ontario Regulation 264/20


Questions about safe use?

Safe Use of Face Masks or Coverings

Public Safe Use of Gloves

Disposable gloves have not been proven to protect the person wearing them from COVID-19 and may still lead to the spread of germs. Wearing gloves is not a substitute for proper hand washing.

Learn more about the risks, when to use disposable gloves, and how to safely use them.